July 4, 2015
Deborah Courson Smith

HELENA, Mont. - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled Monday the costs of implementing smokestack technology to control mercury pollution should have been considered by the EPA before the agency proceeded to draft its Mercury and Air Toxics Standards.

While the ruling means the agency has to rewrite some components of the air pollution regulations, the new rules for power plants will remain in effect while a lower court reviews the case.

Anne Hedges, director of the Montana Environmental Information Center, says it won't mean much to the state because newer controls were put in place in 2010.

"It's hard to imagine that if EPA goes back and determines whether it's economic to install mercury controls on power plants, they wouldn't look at places like Montana and say, 'They did it five years ago. Of course it's economic,'" she says.

Besides mercury, the rule intends to curtail emissions of arsenic, chromium and hydrochloric acid gas.

Hedges says for plants where the new technology has not been installed yet, the court's ruling could delay implementation - and that puts people at risk. Mercury is a neurotoxin connected to heart and asthma problems.

"People all over the country are breathing air from power plants next door, and they deserve cleaner air," she says.

The EPA estimates the pollution controls will prevent about 11,000 premature deaths every year.

Legislative Roundup – Week 14

House Speaker Austin Knudsen, R-Culbertson, (left) discusses with House Minority Leader Chuck Hunter, D-Helena, in the House lobby April 7.

April 11, 2015

By Michael Wright

Community News Service

UM School of Journalism


Medicaid expansion clears House

After wrangling over rules, the last remaining bill to expand Medicaid at the 64th Montana Legislature appears to be headed to the governor’s desk.

Senate Bill 405, sponsored by Sen. Ed Buttrey, R-Great Falls, expands Medicaid to people earning up to 138 percent of the federal poverty level. It accepts federal money available under the Affordable Care Act, asks some on Medicaid to pay premiums for their coverage and creates job training programs for recipients through the Department of Labor.

A House committee heard the bill early in the week and gave it a “do not pass” recommendation, meaning it couldn’t be debated on the floor unless 60 representatives voted to do so. House Minority Leader Chuck Hunter, D-Helena, objected to that on the House floor, saying the bill was one of their “silver bullets,” referring to a deal cut at the beginning of the session that gave Democrats six chances to bring bills to the House floor with 51 votes.

Hunter sent a letter to House Speaker Austin Knudsen, R-Culbertson, before the bill’s hearing that designated it as one of their “silver bullets,” and Hunter argued that because of the letter, the “do not pass” report was improper.

That led to a two-day rules fight that ended up going Hunter’s way. A simple majority vote blasted the bill to the House Floor with support from Democrats and moderate Republicans.

A long debate similar to the one seen at every stage of the battle ensued.

Supporters of Medicaid expansion said the bill would provide much needed coverage, offer the poorest Montanans help in getting out of poverty and keep rural hospitals open by reducing uncompensated care costs.

Rep. Frank Garner, R-Kalispell, said he supports the bill because it can help people get out of poverty, and incentivizes people to work harder. He added that the bill covers important groups of people, including veterans.

I think this is the one chance we have to try to help them,” Garner said.

Opponents argued it will cover “able-bodied childless adults” and gives them access to care over those who are supposed to be on Medicaid, the poorest of the poor.

This is a tragedy especially for the disabled poor,” Rep. Nancy Ballance, R-Hamilton said. “But also for the working poor. This bill is facilitating their dependence on government.”

The bill passed 54-42. It will now head to the governor’s desk.

Bullock vetoes another tax cut

Gov. Bullock handed down another veto on a tax cut bill last week.

Last Thursday, shortly after the full House endorsed Medicaid expansion, Bullock’s office announced his veto of Senate Bill 200, which would have cut taxes by almost $80 million over the next two years.

House Speaker Austin Knudsen, R-Culbertson, issued a statement after the veto announcement, calling the governor “disingenuous” for not signing the bill, which Knudsen said gave significant tax relief to the middle class.

In the statement, Knudsen added that the governor has shown he “does not want to provide any relief to the hardworking men and women across this state” and only wants to “grow government and increase spending.”

Bullock said the bill didn’t provide relief proportionally to taxpayers.

The majority of it would have gone to the largest wage earners in the state,” Bullock said.

Bullock also said that after the 2013 session, he had to veto $150 million of spending to make sure the budget was structurally balanced, and that he didn’t want to do that again. The money for a tax cut would come out of the general fund revenue.

The bill, carried by Sen. Duane Ankney, R-Colstrip, cleared both Houses in March on largely party line votes.

Senate passes increased budget

After adding more than $20 million in spending, the Senate passed House Bill 2, the state budget.

The bill lines out about $4 billion in general fund spending over the next two years. With the Senate amendments, it spends about $23 million more than the version passed by the House last month.

Both senators and the governor said the budget had been much improved by the Senate.

The bill has moved itself toward a better condition at every stage of the journey,” said Sen. Llew Jones, R-Conrad, the chair of the Senate Finance and Claims Committee that added most of the spending increases.

Improvements were certainly made on the Senate side,” Democratic Gov. Steve Bullock said. But, he added there were still more things he’d like to see added to the bill.

One of the parts of his budget proposal that hasn’t been funded is the $37 million for "Early Edge," the plan to expand preschool. The program would be voluntary for both schools and students.

Sen. Brad Hamlett, D-Cascade, tried one amendment to fully fund the program, saying full discussion on the program hadn’t happened yet.

This is a priority with the administration,” Hamlett said. “And we need to have the discussion.”

Jones, who led the subcommittee that handled the education portion of the budget, opposed the amendment, saying it wasn’t proven to be completely effective and mostly helps “at-risk” students and larger school districts.

He said it would be hard for rural school districts to hire accredited preschool teachers.

I am not a supporter of this version of Early Edge,” Jones said.

The amendment failed along party lines 29-21. Hamlett brought a second amendment that would have partially funded the program, which also failed along party lines.

In addition to the $23 million added to the 2016-2017 budget, a Senate committee also added about $24 million to cover deficits in the 2014-2015 budget, usually included in a different bill that was killed by the House last month. That money will prevent furloughs in some state offices and budget shortfalls for schools.  

The bill will now go to a House and Senate conference committee to hammer out final details before it’s sent to the governor.

Bill to increase public access gets easy hearing in the House

A bill expanding a program to pay landowners for allowing recreational access to state lands blocked by their private land got an easy hearing in the House last week, with no opposition.

Senate Bill 309, carried by Sen. Jedediah Hinkle, R-Bozeman, expands a program that gave landowners a $500 tax credit for providing access to state lands. Only two people signed up for the credit. Hinkle’s bill would include federal lands and bumps the credit to $750.

Hinkle said that although several landowners already provide access, this would incentivize more of them to do so.

Wildlife and agriculture groups supported the bill, as did Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks. No one opposed the bill at the hearing.

Last month it sailed through the Senate with a 44-6 vote.

- Michael Wright is a reporter for the Community News Service at the University of Montana School of Journalism. He can be reached at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..  Follow him on Twitter @mj_wright1.


April 11, 2015

By Michael Wright

Community News Service

UM School of Journalism

Tech-savvy Montana political nerds know the secret: connect to the internet (be it cell phone, iPad or laptop), log on to Twitter, search #mtleg, and watch the constant stream. Tweet after tweet rolls in on bills, debates, who’s great, who’s terrible, a near-constant commentary on the happenings within the building at the top of the hill in Helena.

Social media has drastically changed the landscape for political engagement, with people able to find out what’s happening through Facebook and Twitter almost instantaneously. A 2014 Pew study found that 66 percent of social media users had engaged in political activities through the sites, and 20 percent actually followed lawmakers or candidates for office.

Lawmakers across the country -- about 35 percent, increasing every election cycle, according to a 2014 Reuters report -- use social media to connect with constituents and push their big issues, and people following the process are noticing and taking advantage.

Rep. Ellie Hill, D-Missoula, one of the most active Twitter users in the Legislature, recently sat at the front of the House of Representatives, also known as the People’s House, and talked about why she thinks Twitter’s growth in popularity at the legislature is great.

Twitter makes it the People’s House in real time,” she said.

Hill said when she began in the House, she was one of only a handful of legislators using Twitter regularly. That has changed.

Of the 150 lawmakers, 76 at least have Twitter accounts registered in their name. About half of the members of each party have an account, 31 Democrats and 45 Republicans.

There have even been pushes within the parties to increase Twitter activity. At a Republican convention a few years ago, Rep. Mike Miller, R-Helmville, was asked to teach a class about the social network, and even sign some people up.

He said there were about 80 people in his class. He explained how it works and gave out a sheet that showed several accounts for people to follow, including other legislators and journalists who cover the Capitol.